ADHD or attention deficit hyperactivity syndrome is a condition characterized by hyperactivity and attention problems that can start when children are quite young. About 3-5% of children are affected worldwide. For more than 30%-50% of these children, the symptoms persist into adulthood resulting in a range of emotional and mental problems. According to the latest estimates, more than 4.7% Americans live with ADHD and the condition is more common in males than females. Research has shown that the condition can be managed with effective medication, behavioral management, lifestyle changes and counseling. Most researchers believe that a properly calibrated regimen of counseling and medication can control ADHD.
The most common medications for ADHD include stimulant medications like Ritalin and Adderall and non-stimulant medications like atomoxetine. Both groups of medications are relatively safe but they do have side effects. Ritalin increases the amount of dopamine in the brain soothing the symptoms of ADHD. Adderall contains a mix of amphetamine salts like dextroamphetamine saccharide, and dextroamphetamine sulfate and it is also used to control ADHD but it is considered to be Schedule 2 Drug( only provided on prescription.) Atomoxetine is a non-stimulant medication that is used for ADHD but it does cause a range of side effects like increased heart rate, high blood pressure, abdominal pain and nausea. However, many children and adults are able to control problematical behaviors and concentration issues through the use of medications that are monitored carefully. (more…)